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Fact of Question:
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Abstract:
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Investigation Situation:
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Motive with the Measures Researching:
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Theoretical Frameworks:
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Market:
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Justification of Trouble Declaration:
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访谈 | 某时某人 · In Those Day


作品没有一句对白,却可以通过画面感受到两代人之间的情感。作品吸引我的另外一个原因——作者一年前还是雕塑专业(五年制)学生,为何在第四年放弃雕塑专业选择了动画这种表达方式?这背后有什么样的故事呢,一起来看看吧!

作者刚刚做完这部作品,给了自己一个短暂的放松期,正好有时间接受了我们这次访谈。

某时某人(In Those Days)[12-40-26]

Q:这个故事是如何来的?剧中的人物和情景是否有原型?
A:这是一部艺术性的实验短片,但是因为自己去年才开始自学做动画,就当是练习学习性短片来做,从而会导致故事性较弱。

Q:也就是说男孩和女孩还有和猫咪之间的这种关系也是你原创的?而非是某人的经历再创作
A:这个问题我朋友同学也问过我,故事来源于我的一些自身生活观察,构思再创作的。但是不排除人设是根据自己和前女友设定的,主要讲的就是爱情简单自由了。

Q:这种绘画的风格是否和你之前的专业有关系,是否在你转行学习动画有某种风格或者个人影响了你。
A:我一直是雕塑系学生,去年回来就是大5,但是我在家自己想了很久,自己有更想做的东西,回学校后就没读了,自己转行开始自学动画,因为自己本身是雕塑系学生平时接触手绘,电脑软件甚少,所以创作风格是跟雕塑系的很多思想是有联系的。
个人画素描比较多吧,不喜欢那些写实阿,抄照片画东西,都比较随意,所以就有了本片的画风设定。

某时某人(In Those Days)[12-31-18]

Q:那为什么选择放弃雕塑专业而选择入行动画呢?
A:就是因为喜欢,个人性格比较独行,总喜欢做些傻事。

Q:在我身边,动画专业转行的人要远大于转行过来的,想必你的这种喜欢确实是发自内心的。
A:因为国内动画行业我也清楚,我就是想做好东西。

Q:那你在自学的过程中是一个什么样的历程?最大的困难是什么?
A:最大困难就是没团队了,身边没人愿意做二维的,我也试着找过,但是因为自己是转行,原同行雕塑的难免会另眼想开,搞动画的也不认可你的能力,因为你拿不出东西证明自己。
做片子的近半年中一个人自己切实挺,也说不上难熬,就是没一个人真正理解。

某时某人(In Those Days)[12-34-51]

Q:作品想必也有很多朋友看到了,包括你雕塑系的同学,这些声音是如何的?
A:“那是个好片子啊!一定要做出来…”
很感谢雕塑系的班里全体同学,后面对我都很支持的,毕竟我一直都当自己是雕塑系学生,思想方面想做的确实和设计专业有太多不一样,动画系的朋友我觉得都很不错吧,只是我觉得做什么事技术都是时间攒出来的,态度很重要。

Q:在自学过程中, 有什么好的经验可以分享的?
A:动画的运动规律,我都是去参考一些书籍学习的。但很多时候都是自己模拟做动画计算时间,以及把握造型。
我觉得人都是聪明的,但聪明是需要思考的,真正让自己心里明白比什么都重要,对待问题都要抱有积极学习、实践的态度吧。
而且我觉得要做好动画,观察生活,了解生活,体会生活,感知生活,善待生活很重要。

Q:未来有什么样的计划呢?
A:我之前自己做过考前教育,攒了点小钱维持生计,但都花的差不多了,已经开始小借了,自己去年开始也不做考前教育了,因为自己心不在上面了,感觉就是欺骗。
一心做动画了,自己做好了很多就好了,进展不好的话就是自己的问题了,更需要学习,把自己能力提高。有想过如果可以的画找个公司上班,可以学习很多系统性的东西,然后再出来,因为自己确实能力还在有限范围,很需要学习。
做完了就是好好的自己休息休息,整理下自己的体系,弄的差不多了继续后面的创作。

某时某人(In Those Days)[12-27-56]

某时某人(In Those Days)[12-30-18]

某时某人(In Those Days)[12-32-54]

作者是四川音乐学院成都美院雕塑系2010级学生,陈浔,大学的4年一直都专注、热爱自己的专业,大四结束那年回家后(雕塑5年),现在都不怎么清楚那时具体是什么原因让自己选择了动画,自己平时喜欢画画漫画,插画玩儿之类的,也喜欢写东西,从小的确也有想做动画的想法,现在只是感觉自己想回到以前简单的自己吧。

画得好的人很多,自己也很清楚自己有几斤两,对那些“技术性”的东西也不是很感兴趣,只是想通过动画的方式把自己的很多想法,想做的表达出来,希望自己能做出好东西分享给热爱动画的更多人,包括真正在做“动画”的人。

作者是个比较直接,对待选择比较认真的人,对待自己我比任何人都清醒,不会去太多考虑未来,一直秉承做好现在的自己,顺其自然的生活态度。时间快了,你也就快了,时间慢了,你也就慢了,时间停了你也就不走了……这算是个人的励志言吧

作者邮箱:eleven11km@163.com



Short Article Reveals the Undeniable Facts About Essay Writing Service and How It Can Affect You

Short Article Reveals the Undeniable Facts About Essay Writing Service and How It Can Affect You

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Essay Writing Service – What Is It?

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Results Definite: Creating A Give Application form.Crafting A Motion Picture Evaluation Such As A Professional

Results Definite: Creating A Give Application form.Crafting A Motion Picture Evaluation Such As A Professional

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The weather of some apps system may differ along with a reverence towards the certain directions given by the grantor, then again, almost all uses, typically, include next areas:

  • Outline of candidate. Within this aspect, an individual is necessary to guarantee the grantor of related the many qualifications key elements or even exhibit the ability to understand the recommended work.
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  • Objective teams. An individual must explain the individuals mixed up in projects rendering. Its needed, by way of example, to indicate the primary recipients for the venture.
  • Assignments things to do. During this aspect, an candidate must state which fun-based activities will likely be executed as a way to make it to the specified aims and ambitions.
  • An prospect is frequently essential to the grantor to stipulate the qualitative and quantitative outcomes of the campaigns acknowledgement.
  • At last, an individual must provide information specifying just how the been given bucks are going to be wasted throughout the tasks platform.

It is really not a strategy that individuals frequently discover really need sharp guidance in regards to the way creating a film evaluate.

The trainer, by picking out a specific documentary, in addition to a option movie that refers to the class product, with the critique, is meant to detailed important contemplating in university students. In most cases, an excellent video examine will allot every one of the very important issues that will give rise to the increasing on the finding out product. Apart einleitung masterarbeit from, a movie evaluate also needs to indicate own emotions. Consequently, the data format and aspects of these sorts of project depends on the tastes in the instructor, together with the path alone. Yet, you will find a report on selected motivated procedures to understand the thought of creating a motion picture overview.

Check out the Movie

First off, previously producing a superb and substantial motion picture analysis, it is required to check out the film. The video must be watched from a comfortable and calm surroundings, with very little variables which can distract recognition. It can be extremely wise to enjoy a motion picture a second time so it will be easy to grip every one of the vital features and portions of the video. What the heck is alot more, it is very crucial to consider remarks in the monitoring of an dvd, simply because this will really accomplish the entire process of authoring the evaluate.

Significant Info on the Movie

At the start of this area, it is necessary to allot each of the very important information on the motion picture. Frequently, including a film name, the director, the top designers, the movie recording studio, in addition to season the video premiered. In two phrases, it is required to express in the crystal clear technique the plan in the supplied movie. It is far from obligatory to illustrate anything that occur in the movie, only spend the crucial element activities. Aside from, it is required to provide you with important details about the chief figures, for instance the part additionally, the destination they eat the movie.

Assessing the Video

This page must express and review every one of the essential factors inside the motion picture. Other than, it will be easy to associate specified portions of the film with program resources. Whether or not it had been a documentary, it happens to be easy to say one thing with regards to the information and ideas, that were talked about inside movie, and do a comparison with a similar info on the well-performing places. Alternatively, it will be easy to discuss a number of the figures within the film and review their steps or actions. Furthermore, its easy to summarize and assess some necessary instances from your movie, along with explain why these are vital. With the scenario, as soon as the important thought of the video was actually engaging, it happens to be easy to give an in-deepness information, study, and review of your notion.

Very own Examination and Verdict

Assessment and verdict need to be concentrated on looking for whether or not the video could efficiently communicate the biggest strategy. Furthermore, it can be easy to state regardless of if the director was flourishing in having the principle objective for producing this video. In due course, this segment need to decide if a selected film was productive in supplying a thorough knowledge of a subject within the lessons.

3 Phase WAY On The Way To Convey A Business presentation.4 Symptoms To Not Ever Invest in Investigate Records If They Are NOT Worthwhile

3 Phase WAY On The Way To Convey A Business presentation.4 Symptoms To Not Ever Invest in Investigate Records If They Are NOT Worthwhile

You can find a amount of conditions should the comprehension of easy methods to produce a speech turns out to be significant for the long run professional career. Granting a display can be hugely horrifying, particularly if the dialog is offered looking at an important masses or possibly is focused on some new area. Even so, this anxiety should never overshadow the most important targets in the delivery. The final target associated with a lecturer is usually to be seen because of the target market, to indulge the fans within the area, or even help them learn anything or convince the crooks to take a little distinct behaviors. So as to do well during this, the presenter should be convincing. To date, there may be not a good deal of issues for the individual that is able to make a event.

Step One. Schedule the Business presentation

To start with, the lecturer ought to keep in mind that the discussion need to be exciting for your customers. The speak will have to be essential, rationally thought out and comprehensible. It is way better as soon as the discussion comes with an instructional individuality, which can be, is not going to simply just inform a tale, but is actually appropriate for any audience to work with sometime soon. Subsequent, make sure you get the matter distinct avoiding masking a lot resource. If your subject matter makes it possible for looking at an actual factor, the lecturer really should follow it simply because it frequently is less complicated to view and comprehend.

Step Two. Design and style the Display

The powerpoint presentation software programs are regularly helpful to aid a presenter in providing the powerpoint presentation. But, this is simply something, and it also will not assure the achievements of the connect. Dependent upon the loudspeaker, the speech are usually the two captivating and lifeless. Nonetheless, you can find important elements of this layout which can most likely make it the far better expertise to your customers. The presenter must not take too lightly the practical use of bullet areas. They work as a rationalization inside the speech and must spotlight the crucial element concepts only. In addition to that, each and every slip have to show some time, and it is essential to utilize powerful visualization.

Step Three. Give the Display

With the stated earlier made, it needs to be much better to allow the genuine conversation before the customers. The loudspeaker should certainly do not forget that the target audience views her or him as a possible pro from the subject. Showing this in view, you should endeavor to continue being positive and tranquil. All at once, this individual has to be excited about this issue and just have a good time. Great spirits will raise the target audience up and definately will turn it into a enjoyable knowledge for all. It is extremely very good to laugh, nevertheless the cracks needs to be acceptable. For the very same rather valid reason, it is crucial to not ever continue to be continue to and unemotional. Utilizing the physique vocabulary, conserving eyesight-experience of the audience, and indicating the sensations regarding the mentioned question will really have the event superior. Over-all, when the loudspeaker is clearly-set and is able to supply a display, it is obvious that it really will end up being participating and helpful.

There is not any solution that university could be challenging. You take 3 to 5 programs each name, with each professor doggie snacks their course, as when it is the main path you take. Not simply, you must research at a minimum 2 hours per type, but there are actually reports and tests you have to bachelorarbeit gliederung bother about in addition. To ease many of which actually work, young people retain formulating providers to post newspapers on their behalf, for them to investigate yet another thing away their To-do directory.

Although these providers generally is a significant assist, it is extremely important to shop around on the grade of the essays how they provide you with college students with, in addition to vendors on their own. It can be a very valuable action for people with proceeded to acquire analysis written documents. You happen to be paying off the corporation to post a article which get a leading standard, really not a go. With regards to this, you should know of some symptoms that will indicate how the services are not really trustworthy.

1. The Launch is Weakened and Formless

The growth of an awesome document really should be insightful and particular. Whenever the material of the initial sentences is simply too hazy, it establishes the firmness to get a cardstock that hasnt been checked out whilst your professor may perhaps level you all the way down for doing this. Ensure your arrival obviously says what is the pieces of paper is related to, plus notifies your reader from the significant items you intend to talk about.

2. The Minds Usually Are Not Distinct and Succinct

The system associated with a really good newspaper reiterates and enlarges to the suggestions placed in the the introduction. You need to undoubtedly assert what you intend to take a look at and be sure that there exists around a couple of elements to back up your thoughts. A pieces of paper that veers off of the path of this issue is really a warning sign for your terribly planned pieces of paper. Your primary factors have to be well split up into sentences to generate looking at much simpler.

3. The Actual Final Outcome Will Not Appropriately Sum up Your Topic

For everybody who is paying off an organization to create your document, you need to ensure the crafting is always good through to the extremely conclusion. In the event the bottom line of this report just appears to fizzle out, perhaps this may not be the very best company suitable for you. Guarantee the final result uses all your options and includes the many areas and ties them together with each other. Your readers will need to discover how all aid rss feeds over the position and backs up the concept.

4. Faults Are Common

The company has to offer a document that you really should certainly hands in. Read the report and be sure there are no blunders.

Having faith in somebody else for you to do your career are generally difficult. Nonetheless, if one makes positive the system provides you along with a newspaper that says as being a high-quality products right through, with solid strategies, no flaws, and also a apparent eyesight, it may be the answer for your understanding must have.

国内知名投资者们的忠告:回归A股,当心竹篮打水一场空


在不到80天里,已经有8家在美上市的互联网公司收到了私有化邀约,包括中国手游、易居中国、淘米、久邦数码、学大教育、世纪佳缘等。另外,盛大游戏、完美世界等公司已经签署最终私有化协议,即将退市。


而那些拿了美元基金还没上市的中国创业公司更是心痒难耐,很多都想着拆解掉VIE架构,折回A股上市。


暴风这个“馅饼”


财富效应是这场回归潮的表面诱因。


一段时间以来,“连暴风那样的公司都能上市,拉N个涨停板……”的思想在很多公司上上下下蔓延。


业内都知道,暴风的核心技术团队在这家公司上市前就已经整体离开……看看该公司的上市文件,2014年1-9月,暴风科技营收2.7亿元,净利润3079万元。而此前2013年该公司的营收还3.25亿元,净利润3854万元——同比已经下降31%。


但正是这样一家公司,却在A股创造了一个奇迹,上市后股价从发行时的7.14元暴涨到截至发稿前的307元。


当然,拿到了钱就可以干一切事……现在的A股叫良性泡沫刺激创新,泡沫不要紧,主要是拿到钱后要把它填实。


云峰基金一位内部人士认为,虽然现在有些公司是泡沫很大,但是说不定本来在该领域毫无竞争的一个企业,这下通过A股的融资渠道可以用股权招人了,互联网是靠优秀人才的,说不定就真的并购、改变——有了钱后可以做很多事,无论是招聘人才、股权激励、并购都可以做。


他指出,这个“泡沫”更大的意义在于对经济的拉动:有泡沫,就会带动大众创业、万众创新,因为二级市场的泡沫导致一级市场非常活跃,一级市场活跃导致创业的人有很多机会拿到钱,只要你有一个idea、故事,凡是BAT高级别以上的人很快就出来创业。


“这样的话,整个经济转型可能真的慢慢完成了,以前转型升级都是政府倡导做什么,比如说光伏、LED,现在政府什么都没有说,资源配置都是市场化,投资机构要动脑,不是政府说的,所以任何领域都要创新。”该基金人士称。


可也有人指出,政府是希望即便股市有泡沫却能带动实体经济。然而究竟有多少中国上市公司会把钱投入实体经济中,花钱请工程师团队、研发团队?他们大多都是拿着钱去买公司,宁愿花几十亿买公司,不愿意做产品做研发技术服务——这其实偏离了政府的本意。


但无论如何,巨大的财富效应正吸引着无数创业公司踏上回归之路。也许,一夜暴富的梦想不一定要在纳斯达克实现,中国也可以。


一位机构的投资经理透露,暴风的高估值是吸引大家回来的一个次要因素,对于那些没有上市的公司来讲,国内资本市场降低上市门槛才是吸引他们的真正原因——以前对盈利有很高要求,他们根本没有机会在国内上市。


事实上,国家为了吸引互联网公司在国内上市已经做了很多工作。但由于种种原因,并没有那么快见到效果。而注册制将成为一个引导高科技互联网公司回归的破冰点。


当然,华兴资本创始人兼CEO包凡也指出,其实并不是什么公司都适合回归A股:


第一,如果你的生意在美国有完美的参照系,例如搜索,百度是中国的谷歌,投资人看得懂,估值又高;第二是规模要大,二三十亿美金是个坎;第三是要有这个概念的板块,那么你最好留在美国上市。


但如果你的生意是特别适合中国国情的商业模式,老外看不懂;第二是规模比较小的公司——那么你就应该考虑回来了。


而经纬中国人民币基金负责人曹国熊则认为,有些企业是一定要回来的:第一,那些敏感性的行业企业得回来,比如说互联网金融、隐含中国消费大数据的公司们,是没有选择的;第二,明显的、美国市场不再看好这个行业的公司,比如说游戏、传媒、电影,估值都很低,那就回来,还可能获得一个好估值。


但如果是在美国上市已经有标杆性的企业,估值也很高,就不需要回来。还有一些在国内的竞争优势还没有确立,还在打仗的阶段,还在争细分行业第一的时候,那就属于根本没有时间想回来不回来的问题,可能美金会更适应这种融资方式,所以这时候他们根本不用考虑回来不回来的问题,而是要先让自己生存下来,把自己的细分行业第一的仗打下来——所以前两种是肯定要回来的,后两种是不用考虑。


条条大路通A股


前途是“光明”的,且通往A股的道路是多种多样的,却也是曲折的。


首先,针对那些本身在美国已经上市的中概股公司,可以先再美国退市,再回国内上市,走IPO程序。像分众这样就是中规中矩的走这样的方式。


其次,就是在国内借壳上市;第三,那些还没上市的公司本身解红筹再上市;第四,让国内上市公司把美国上市公司收购了,像学大教育;第五种方法,可以让国内上市公司直接投资国外上市公司,像奥康收购兰亭集市;第六,在国外上市的公司可以把旗下业务分拆在国内上市。“现在这条路虽然还没走通,但好几家企业都在做。”包凡透露:“回来的路径各种各样,每条路径都有复杂性。”


是的,美国下市也是一个很复杂的过程,避免纠纷和官司、定价都需要费力,解红筹不容易,国内有的大公司要把几十家VIE公司拆了再重新整合,需要跟工商、税务、外管有一系列工作要做。


回来以后的再上市又会面临很多问题——是上新三板,是沪市的战略新兴板,还是创业板的互联网板块?还是别的?这个过程很复杂。


而横在在这些归心似箭的公司面前最大的麻烦是,在拆VIE架构的过程中,老股东如何退出。


一位专门从事拆解VIE架构业务的经理指出,有的公司早期是美元基金投的,现在这个基金不愿意该公司回中国来上市,有的机构是采取国外的美元基金退出让国内的人民币基金接盘,那么人民币基金和美元基金之间如何做价?虽然是一个机构,但是两期基金的LP主人不一样,一个多赚一个就要少赚,如何平衡其中的利益?


再说美国人也不傻,他们在一个公司最早期投了,承担了最大风险,现在却让他们退出,公司到国内资本市场赚取巨额回报,他们也不干!


掘金者


面对这样的“风口”,国内国际资金想参与拆解VIE投资机会的资金大量增加,华兴和红杉就是两例。


进入六月,中国互联网创业公司财务顾问“专业户”华兴资本成立了专门服务客户在A股上市的部门,目前已经从国内顶尖的证券公司挖了十几个骨干,专门服务这些回归的公司。


事实上,就在上个月,华兴资本与中信证券签署了战略合作协议,宣布将组建联合团队为新经济企业的架构重组、私募融资、新三板挂牌及做市、A股首发、并购重组等资本运作提供专业高效服务。


据中信证券相关人士介绍,本次战略合作的主要内容包括:双方组建联合团队,甄选优秀的新经济创业企业,提供投资银行服务;双方共同甄选、商定标的企业名单,共同获取项目机会并提供拆除红筹方案、私募融资服务、新三板挂牌及做市、A股IPO、并购重组等一系列服务;在并购业务方面合作,共同为中国企业、创业家、产业资本在新经济领域的投资、并购、重组等业务提供服务;在人民币投资领域寻求多种方式的合作;进行相关业务领域的研究合作;共同开发包括基金在内的各种金融产品,通过中信证券的机构销售渠道进行销售等。


无独有偶,就在几天前,华泰证券与红杉资本也签署了战略合作协议,双方将在投资和投行项目、产业研究、信息共享等方面进行合作。同时,红杉资本将与华泰证券旗下华泰瑞联并购基金管理公司合作,并发起设立产业并购基金华泰瑞联并购基金(二期),初步确定募集规模100亿元人民币。


无论是华兴资本也好,红杉也好,都是为了帮助那些从美国回归的公司顺利在国内资本市场登陆,上市也好,被并购也好,找基金接盘也好……满足他们的需求。


而就在这些中国公司回归的过程中,时间却是一个最大的问题!


一来,牛市转熊市了怎么办,二来,回来后注册制其实仍然是需要审批的,到时候企业在登陆A股之前资金链断裂,没拿到钱就死了怎么办?


时间和税务成本


是啊,现在回归还来得及么?


暴风影音早在2012年4月就开始谋求转战A股上市。“中搜网络”早在至少两年前就已经开始做了回归的财务安排,在其推出第三代搜索时,该公司负责人陈沛就对经济观察报透露,中搜正在拆解VIE架构,准备回归A股市场。还有2014年7月将巨人网络私有化的史玉柱。


这些公司都是提前准备,酝酿好久,现在才正赶上“风口”可以借势飞起来,那么现在才开始做退市、拆除VIE架构的公司可能需要很长时间来运作,他们还能赶上这一波牛市么?


“目前,拆除VIE结构估计不用半年”,杭州好望角投资管理有限公司CEO黄峥嵘认为,“现在好的是有人尝试专门成立为国外VIE拆掉结构的基金,这样拆的时候专门基金可以使项目可以马上动,大家原来要想好要不要拆、怎么拆、怎么找资金,这个相当早准备这个资金,相当一个过桥”。好望角自己也已经帮助三个公司拆除了VIE架构。


是的,有点晚,但也不一定——因为大概拆架构还是可以回来上(市)的,国内还在鼓励这件事,不会让拆的人回不来,而且可以拆的企业也不多。


一些资本市场的大佬认为,这件事的操作更主要是看接盘的,按法律程序是不需要半年,只不过有些是境外的股东需要接盘的基金,而有些行业当初之所以做VIE是因为外资不能进,被迫做了VIE,那么现在也是不能回归的。


“在这种浮躁的大环境里面,企业家创业者应该冷静思考,从美国退市需要6-12个月,按照传统排队在国内上市就是三年之后的事情了,就算今年注册制实施,也是一两年以后的事,直接去新三板挂牌也许时间会缩短一些,但新三板融资能力跟二级市场相比还是有差距的。要不就像分众一样去借壳,可A股市场的壳现在一个至少价值30亿,企业得自己掂量掂量。在这过程中,企业要发展,如何解决融资问题?”这只是众多问题中的一个。


“还有员工的心理变化,都是需要考虑的。此外回来过程中是否竞争对手会使绊子,所以这是很慎重的问题。”包凡一口气举了很多其中的关键点:“现在很多人很冲动,想先走出去再说,但走出去就没有回头箭了,我觉得市场里面需要冷静的声音,更多的思考。


包凡提醒那些回归者,越是在泡沫的年代,都不够专注,大家都应该冷静下来,有些事是不值得做的。现在宣布退市的有二三十家,准备上市的有几百家,在拆红筹的至少100多家,解VIE很麻烦,如果是中外合资的在国内直接就能上了。而这波行情过去以后,很多公司可能会竹篮打水一场空。


包凡的话并非危言耸听。


专门做拆解VIE架构的国浩律师事务所合伙人吴小亮称,回归的公司要支付两大成本,一个是时间,一个是税务成本。


“不得不说A股的审核期限的不确定性导致了很多创始人在做这个决定时非常纠结。”吴小亮担心的是,中国的流程时间很难掌控,有的时候同样的事情在国外只要律师出个函就可以,而在中国要经历很长时间的“整改”。此外在股权交易、原来外资注销的时候,其中的税务成本会比较高,大约在20%左右。包括营业税、流转税,最大的是股权转让税。


然而,对于那些优质的互联网公司来讲,或许这些时间、税务成本都不是问题,因为一旦回归A股,他们将从这个正在四处喷发着牛市气息的市场上得到更多的好处:高估值的PE,追捧的股民,用户的理解,容易沟通的分析师和券商……他们将不再是美国市场上的“孤儿股”。


一个政策实施的初期,永远都是红利期。


大势所趋:越早回归估值越高


在注册制即将开闸前夕,监管层自然希望那些优质的互联网公司能够回归,这样可以提高A股的质量。而最初回归的互联网公司们也将得到好的估值,融到更多资金——越早来的越是稀缺资源,如同暴风科技、乐视网等公司。


据一位接近监管层的人士透露,很快8月份会修改《证券法》,10月份会正稿,注册制今年年底或明年年初肯定会出来。企业从交稿后6个月的时间必须出结果。而且监管者特别重视引入互联网公司,说不定会有800到1000家进入A股市场,这样的话对传统公司的估值影响非常大,但这需要一个过程,可能要经过两到三年的时间。


该人士认为,如果一个创业公司有差不多的收入现金流、符合条件的话,还是建议从现在开始要关注,因为越早一点进入A股就会有一个越好的估值。“至于创业公司关心的,未来是否会进入熊市的问题,就要分析:现在的A股市场是以散户为主导的,需求方在未来得两到三年内不能发生变化。”


对于这些想回归的公司来讲,如果有着不错的收入,那么可以先把人民币的结构搭起来,明年注册制推出来以后再看上面适合哪个板,就上哪个,肯定有一款符合每个公司。其实现在市场行情已经启动了,而最大的瓶颈其实是在券商,如果明年想做IPO,现在必须锁定一个券商——现在所有的券商都已经满负荷运转了。


吴小亮也认为,创业者要把未来想得更深远一点,而不要因为A股资本市场一时的好坏而摇摆。几乎所有在A股上市的企业家是没有后悔的。


“我经历过10年多以来没有碰到过这么大的政策性的行情。”经纬曹国熊称,“其实对投资者来讲A股涨跌不重要,最重要的是发行节奏,如果今年发500家,整个新三板又会发3000家,会发生很多并购,那些主张可回来可不回来的企业,其实想明白了应该迅速的回来。现在已经不是想不想回来的问题,而是在回来的过程中能不能找到帮助你的团队的问题,因为目前基本上每一个券商都是满负荷的在工作。


是的,中国的股市正在监管层的关爱下一路狂奔:本周证监会安排了18家企业上会,科大讯飞的定向增发就用了18天,这是前所未有的速度。


或许正是这样,尽管到明年可能有两三百家互联网公司A股上市,但是对整个A股市场来讲还是属于一个稀缺的资源,所以不要问股市泡沫何时会破灭,即使A股有泡沫也不是互联网的泡沫。


曹国熊:“经纬也不能预测下一步创业板会以什么速度发展,但我们明显感到这是一个巨大的机会,如果这次没有把握住,很多年以后会非常的后悔。”而吴小亮则透露,随着注册制的推出,未来可能VIE架构不拆就有可能让企业也融资上市。

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休叔奇幻大秀《马戏之王》为”怪咖”发声


  时光网讯 由二十世纪福斯电影公司出品,博纳影业集团投资,迈克尔·格雷西执导,“狼叔”休·杰克曼扎克·埃夫隆、金球奖最佳女主角米歇尔·威廉姆斯丽贝卡·弗格森赞达亚出演的电影《马戏之王》将于2018年2月1日在全国公映。
  今日影片曝光了一款“我们不一样”预告及IMAX版、中国巨幕版专属海报。预告中除了可以看到男主角休·杰克曼领衔的精彩大秀,各型各色的“怪咖”为梦勇敢发声的热血励志故事也徐徐展开。足见《马戏之王》拼进竞争激烈的贺岁档的实力。影片将于1月27日以IMAX、中国巨幕制式开启超前点映,观众可以提前欣赏到这部2018开年顶级视听大秀。

休叔亮唱功秒杀全场 《This is Me》获奥斯卡最佳原创歌曲提名
  《马戏之王》取材自真人真事,好莱坞全能巨星休·杰克曼在片中饰演“马戏团鼻祖”、传奇人物P.T.巴纳姆。故事讲述了身处社会底层的巴纳姆依靠自己无穷想象力和锲而不舍的精神,从经营博物馆到一手开创世界上第一家马戏团的故事。巴纳姆的奇思妙想最开始并不被大众所认可,几乎没人花钱欣赏,他的家人好友帮他度过一次次绝境。在经历了一系列挫折、与合作伙伴的分歧之后,秉持梦想的他终于成为全美甚至全世界最为知名的“造梦大师”。
  男主角休·杰克曼不但是超级英雄“金刚狼”,更是舞台剧领域的大咖。2004年他就曾凭借《来自奥兹的男孩》拿到戏剧顶级荣誉托尼奖,之后他更曾连续三年担任托尼奖颁奖晚会的主持人。《马戏之王》是休·杰克曼继2012年的《悲惨世界》之后时隔五年再度在大银幕上开嗓,观众将在影院中大饱眼福耳福。
  预告片的背景音乐正是影片插曲《This is me》,这首歌在第75届金球奖上获得了最佳原创歌曲的桂冠,日前更获奥斯卡最佳原创歌曲提名。不仅旋律激昂热血,而且歌词也充满正能量,完美契合了影片的主题:不用在意世人眼光,要勇敢做自己。

众“怪咖”为梦发声 逐梦之旅即将启航
  在预告中不仅能够领略到休叔的个人魅力,还能揭开十九世纪奇幻大秀的神秘面纱。“空中飞人”的舞蹈,360°旋转升空的特技,高难度的跪滑舞步,马戏团全员大秀……每一幕都令人目不暇接。
  在这款预告片中我们还能看到《马戏之王》除了华丽的画风之外还在传递着热血励志的主题。休·杰克曼饰演的P.T.巴纳姆不甘于平凡勇敢逐梦,在十九世纪开创先河,组织了种种“怪咖”上台表演,即便遭到反对派的纵火攻击依然毫不气馁。巨人、侏儒、长胡子的女人……看似完全不搭界的元素被他融合到一处,并且发生了奇妙的化学反应,变不可能为可能。休·杰克曼的一句“唯有与众不同才能改变世界”可谓点睛之笔,令人热血沸腾,也想重拾自己的梦想。
  据悉,《马戏之王》将经由IMAX专利的DMR(数字原底翻版)技术制作为IMAX版本,于2月1日登全国IMAX影院,此外影片还将有中国巨幕、DOLBY ATMOS、GDC临境音、DBOX、4DX制式。影片将于1月27日以IMAX、中国巨幕制式开启点映。

Keyfare正在做的事情,可能会改变机票预订行业?


因为之前知道Keyfare在做优化机票预订流程的事,在采访的开始,我问团队:你们是要做中航信的替代品吗?这可吓坏了三个团队成员,连忙否认。

这是一个加在中航信GDS系统下游的,能够以更高效的方式完成国际机票搜索业务的云端工具,面向OTA、旅行社、偏向下游的机票代理商。

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我们先来了解一下现在的机票预订流程。国际机票的价格是由于航班方案和供应商政策的两种因素决定的,前者可能包括恰当的航线、航司、舱位政策和运价类型等,后者可能包括供应商(主要是具有国际机票代理资质的供应商和分销商)的折扣政策或者优惠政策等。在这两类几十种可变因素叠加之后,最终的价格就变得不那么可预测了。

以上海至纽约机票为例,有3家航空公司直飞、46个转机点,有联运价的组合有超过200种,每个航班有若干条航线和超过20个不同售价的舱位政策(例如L、Y、Q等),每个舱位还有2-6种不同的运价规则,合计起来做个数学题,共有16万种不同选项。

所以预订机票是一件非常专业的事情,现在主要靠下面这两种方式完成:

  • 传统的下游代理商根据个人经验在GDS(在中国唯一的GDS是中航信)中查询最优的两三套方案,并向上游供应商确定最终的机票政策和余票情况,然后反馈给用户。
  • OTA的方式有所进步,搜索平台根据此前的搜索结果建立了一套缓存数据库,当用户提出搜索需求时候,搜索引擎在缓存数据库中搜索出最优答案,然后分别到GDS中确认航班方案和到供应商那去确认出票政策,然后出票,如果中途出现问题则重新返回缓存数据库搜索。

简而言之,在获取最优航班方案时候,代理商的方式是“人工经验”+“全部实时数据”,但这无法穷尽所有可能,且需要代理商操作人员接受长时间的培训(比如记下所有机场代码),使用一套专业的类似于DOS的系统完成搜索;效率很低,平均一天一人只能完成15个订单。而OTA的方式是“系统算法”+“缓存数据”,但这种基于过去经验得出的最优选择不能保证现在这种方案仍是最优选择。

Image title那么问题来了:为什么不能用“全部实时数据”+“系统算法”的组合呢?对于代理商而言,技术水平达不到,而对于OTA来说,系统算法可以穷尽每种算法可能,但每套算法都到GDS去跑一圈,时间会非常长,且GDS按照数据流量收费,跑一圈下来成本太高(查询了机票价格可不一定要买哦)。

所以Keyfare做了一套机票价格逻辑库,使用系统算法在这套逻辑库中跑数据,根据逻辑中的关键节点从GDS中获取数据,然后得出若干最优方案,然后去对接供应商寻求政策,最终得出若干最优选择(例如价格最低、飞行时间最短、执飞航司高档与否等)。

所以Keyfare的核心竞争力是这套运价逻辑库。他们团队告诉36氪,依靠团队成员在行业内的经验,他们花了将近两年的时间,将各家航空公司的运价规则慢慢收集过来,一一梳理,在大量运价关系之中找到了一些共性,并最终发现了一些逻辑。当然这中间也涉及一些技术开发的工作,因为国际机票业务中存在着大量非结构性数据,在整合和数据挖掘上有难度。当用户提出机票需求的时候,这个需求会被输入逻辑库,系统会自动会到GDS中去确认一些关键数据,即可确认整个机票需求的搜索结果。这是Keyfare的核心竞争力,他们完全不怕模式被抄袭,因为他们自信这套运价逻辑短期内很难有人梳理出来。

而且他们也认为,通过这套逻辑库的运算得出的结果也一定可以是最优的。

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所以,这是一个叠加在中航信GDS下游的工具,主要面向二级机票代理商、小型OTA、旅行社等。这套系统可以帮助代理商用简单的方式确认最优方案——他们以前大多是靠资深操作人员通过上述DOS系统(E-Term)来确认最优方案,还能够优化OTA平台的搜索结果。

Keyfare认为,之前几年国内兴起的B2B平台目前也存在发展瓶颈,例如利润水平低、交易量天花板不高等,Keyfare并不担心来自他们的竞争。这些平台主要分为两类:

  • B2B平台:例如51book,核心竞争力是从供应商手中维持好关系、拿到好的政策(即机票优惠政策),对技术要求也很高,需要通过好的搜索结果来匹配现有好的政策。
  • 第三方数据平台+B2B平台:例如Trafree,为同行小型航旅公司提供基于缓存数据的搜索比价功能、订单管理系统和政策导入等工具,为下游代理商提供一站式服务。

目前Keyfare仍然只有三个人的核心团队。吴永隽技术出身,曾做过BS模式的工作流,2009年还做过打车软件“51招车”。陈蕴骏是机票业务出身,最后做到上海大众航空服务有限公司的副总经理。万旋是投资行业出身。

目前整个平台开放给了种子用户试用,Keyfare也邀请这些种子用户提供反馈。万旋说,这些种子用户指出了一些系统bug,以及一现存体系下的问题。

Keyfare希望把这个工具完全免费的提供给上述玩家,至于盈利模式,还在酝酿之中。

原创文章,作者:尧异