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据说几年前,有个人在香港尖沙咀的 SOGO(崇光百货)附近看到了一个白人青年。那个白人青年在他前面一边走,一边不停地讲电话,最后突然用悲愤的声音对着电话那头大吼:“ You don’t love me, you just want to practice English with me! “(你根本不爱我,你只是想和我练英语而已!)。


这句台词寓意深厚,颇可玩味。大到宏观经济与国际形势,社会文化与民众行为,小到交往双方对恋情阶段的认知不一,都可以拿它当切入点。相比起来,本文主题或许是离那句话的字面意思比较近的——当一系列社交应用以和外国人社交(”make foreign friends”)为主题的时候,那些想要和外国人社交的人,到底要什么。



既然用上了“社交”这个词,那些开门见山的异国婚恋和语言交换网站就应该排除在外了。 然而,排除这种直截了当的网站并不等于排除这种主题。在想和外国人社交的人里,一部分人想要找个外国朋友来锻炼自己的语言能力,一部分人希望社交的同时能顺便提高语言,还有一部分人大概自己都还没分清哪种目的应该排前面。

对于这样的而言,那些把关键词列在介绍里的社交应用当然比较吸引眼球,比如 Anytalk, LeXchat 以及出现在上周 TechCrunch Shanghai 会场上的 divercity.

Anytalk Introduction
(Anytalk 说明)


LeXchat 直接把交朋友和通过聊天来锻炼外语并列为应用说明。Anytalk 拥有比较复杂的功能,应用与其说是在强调和别国人社交可能收获的语言能力,不如说是突出翻译设计,包括聊天时的机器翻译和母语者帮助练习两种。 其中让母语用户修正别人的语言错误这点很像 Stack Overflow 的奖励机制。而 divercity 虽然之前一直以语言交流为卖点,在会场上却开始强调其作为不同国籍用户社交平台的性质。


但只为社交的话,“找到外国人”是个比较单薄的理由 。于是有些人采取了模糊焦点的方法,准确地说,在产品里再加个社交上的核心功能。比如关键词是 “new foreign friends”,但同时在宣传兴趣社交的 Peoplegate


由于无法理解说明里的三个核心功能要怎么结合,我在找到它后自己试用了一会儿。 操作页面如你所见,用户在加入时除了像所有社交网络一样填写基本资料外,还要添上一到多项基本的才能或兴趣。之后,你就可以按特定国籍或者才能搜寻其他用户。而平时的信息页面则如任何一个常见的社交网络一样,充满了广告和自拍。

“兴趣社交”和 “外国人社交”看起来是毫不相干的两个主题,但在某些层面上,前者为后者提供了有力的支撑。比如,当你想要结识一个日本女孩的时候,可以说那是因为你们两个的兴趣都是日式折纸,而不是坦白地告诉她自己就是想要找亚洲女孩儿。


除了直截了当的功利型和增加理由的模糊型外,还有些应用针对目标用户共有的好奇心——假设他们是因为好奇去找外国人聊天——进行了设计,比如 SOME : Penpal foreign friends。







在我寻找相关应用的时候,搜索结果的第一页跳出 Quora 上的一个答案。 那个答案的问题是 “How can I make foreign friends on WeChat?”,而这个答案本身或许像篇首的轶事一样具有点含义:

If you are chinese, it’s very hard.

If not, I’m just the person you are looking for.

But I think it’s more likely that you are a chinese for your question.

So,my answer is,”I’m sorry”.

不管如何,这些工具——直接的,模糊的,浪漫的——已经为那些想要结识外国人的人提供了平台和对话的突破口。 在双方关系发展到非常认真的那一步之前,你大概无需被“你不爱我!你就是想锻炼英语。”之类的质问困扰。








本周四,MindStore 邀请到了小米路由器事业部总经理唐沐作客 MindTalk 线场 ,与各位来聊聊最新推出的小米路由器。现在我们一起来回顾一下 MindTalk 中的精彩内容。

全新小米路由器,拥有顶配企业级性能,最高内置 6TB 监控级硬盘,802.11ac 千兆 WiFi、专业 PCB 阵列天线、4 种网络提速。可以下电影、存照片、甚至当作无线移动硬盘的路由器。

唐沐在 MindTalk 线场中,与用户进行了深入的交流:

这次小米路由器硬件配置进步很大,在销售策略上,为何没有 2TB、3TB 的版本呢?或许这样用户可以有更多的选择。

我还是想用小米的产品思路来解释:专注、极致 。1T 和 6T 是两个极致的设计,1T 普通版满足一版用户;6T 顶配版满足发烧用户; 2T 和 3T 比较中庸,先不做,集中精力做好这两款,也有助于控制小米网的 SKU,备货和销售不至于太复杂。


其实两代我们都非常关注 ID 设计,而二代的设计我们更注重结构紧凑; 我曾经试过用一代的 ID 套二代的配置,但由于二代选型时考虑硬盘扩展性和稳定性提升,我们必须改用 3.5 寸硬盘,加上散热和风道设计,这会使得 ID 变臃肿;

另外,我无法在一代 ID 上加上外置天线,在那个设计语言上,它是最完美的,不可能修修补补;于是二代干脆推翻重来,紧凑、实用、和家居无缝配合;二代的 ID 也很漂亮,耐看,我们的设计师后续会推出 ART 系列,敬请期待。


自然,顺滑,闭环 。

新一代小米路由器搭载了最新的 MiWiFi 2.0,我们花了很多精力打造这个新一代系统,成就感是我们一直在创新,因为从来没有产品做过类似的体验,2.0 的稳定性和可用性比 1.0 有了巨大提升,也远超其他路由器系统;但我仍可以看到很多可提升的体验,会督促团队每周一个版本的迅速迭代改进,也很希望收到大家的想法建议。

有用户认为小米路由器和 360 路由都以低价来吸引客户,但是在提倡差异化竞争的现在,你是如何来看待这个问题的?小米路由的差异化体现在哪里?

我从来不认为小米路由器以低价吸引客户,小米路由器是用高端配置极致性价比吸引用户;AC1200 路由器的性价比之王,仍是小米路由器 mini ;智能路由器首先做好路由功能,其次,需要以高性能元器件承载智能部分,包括数据中心、智能家居,这是我们产品定义的出发点。

市面上 39、59 的路由器已经烂大街,我觉得低价低配没前途。

更多精彩问答,欢迎进入 MindTalk 线场 



MindStore 今日推荐:





MindStore 在简书

MindStore 在知乎



















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(本文标题参考自纪录片Who Killed the Electric Car?)





《大停滞?》是一本只有五万余字的小书,但2011年首度出版时,它却两度荣登亚马逊畅销榜。作者泰勒•考恩(Tyler Cowen)是哈佛大学经济学博士。他的博客在全美经济类点阅率的排行榜上高居第二位。《彭博商业周刊》称他为“美国最炙手可热的经济学家”,他也入选英国《经济学人》过去十年“最有影响力的经济学家”。







“摩尔定律” 与“把人们通过某种媒介联结在一起”这样极其简单的想法相结合,使互联网迅速变得更好、更快、更有趣。


从经济的视角看,互联网一个有趣的事实是拥有如此之多的免费产品。在日常而典型的一天里,我可能写两条Twitter,或者更短, 我们还没有谷歌、浏览器、博客、Facebook、Twitter, 或者Craigslist1 等这样的创新产品, 而所有这些现在正在为数百万人所使用。而在这个我们最具革命性的领域,影响力最大的却是一些非专业人士—比如马克· 扎克伯格(Facebook 创始人)。这并非偶然。从这点来看,互联网与英国工业革命的早期非常相像。


从经济的视角看,互联网一个有趣的事实是拥有如此之多的免费产品。在日常而典型的一天里,我可能写两条Twitter,阅读20 个博客, 追踪一些影评, 浏览eBay, 在YouTube 上看些克劳伦斯· 怀特的吉他演奏视频。这些都不花我一分钱,而我整个过程充满趣味和愉悦。

“生产”,这个我的经济学同事们世代使用的词汇,已经越来越接近人的精神世界,而非根植于生产第一线。可能一条Twitter 看似没什么重要,但其价值深藏于精神维度之中。我们使用Twitter、 Facebook、 MySpace,以及其他的网络服务,在脑海中建立了关于故事、图像和感觉的复杂的综合体。网络的任何一个产物单个儿看上去都并不重要,但是其混合物却具有丰富的乐趣、激情和悬念。而且,使用这些并不难—只需要购买一个网络连接设备,打开电脑,创设一些密码,你就可以开始了。


不可否认,互联网确实产生了一些收入:谷歌广告提升了广告的质量;《纽约时报》在自己的网站上销售广告;亚马逊则销售书籍;在eBay 上进行二手货交易,令产品的利用率更高,销售新产品也更为便捷;你Facebook 上的朋友可能可以帮你找到一个新工作;而企业可以通过网站链接签署平等协议。因此,互联网绝不可能与传统的经济活动方式完全切断联系。即便如此,相对于对我们生活和思想的塑造,互联网的收入构成相对式微。在智力和情感创新上,大部分的互联网空间是免费的,是一块丰富我们内心生活的广阔的画布。

互联网与19 世纪和20 世纪早期的科技有着天壤之别,互联网的好处,与我们对其开发利用的认知能力成正比。虽然互联网是公共产品,但你并不能自动因它受益—就像你可以从抽水马桶和沥青公路中获取的那样。学习如何使用互联网是一项更为专业的技能。

在之前的章节中,我指出了之所以GDP 数据会过高估计经济增长的一些原因;现在,我们又看到GDP 数据是怎样低估经济增长的。

互联网的大部分价值在个人层面上实现,而不会出现在生产力的统计数据上。比如,购买2 美元的香蕉可以增加GDP,但是你没法计算出, 我在网上冲浪获得了价值20 美元的乐趣—这段时间产生的GDP 不会超过那一点点微不足道的电费。虽然离开电脑会让乐趣变少,但使用互联网—而不是外出去买冰激凌或进行其他消费—甚至反而可能会降低GDP的净值。



但在互联网领域,这些推测被证明是错误或误导性的。收入密集型产业已经在持续减速,而技术进步最为巨大的领域却又还没创造出多少利润。比如,就是最近,在拥有5 亿用户后,关于Facebook 是否能赚很多钱的争论才告结束。


相比过去的科技突破,多数网络活动产生的工作机会和收入更少。20 世纪早期,福特和通用汽车发展正盛时,创造了数百万的工作机会,并将底特律打造为美国最主要的城市之一;而今天,Facebook 创造了许多偷窥的快感,但公司本身并未雇佣大量员工,对于帕罗奥图市(位于美国加州)的发展也帮助甚少。公司里的大部分工作是由软件和服务器自动执行的,需要人力的地方不多。

你可以说,互联网产品的使用者做了真正的工作,在这些产品用户的业余时间,当做休闲一样完成了工作。尽管对于使用者、程序员和一些信息技术科学家来说,Web 2.0 非常伟大,但它并没有为政府填充金库,也没能帮助到许多家庭的实际生活。爱上网的好多人都听说过Twitter 的大名,但直到2010 年,只有大约300 人在那里工作。




最近一项研究发现,iPod—这个简直无处不在的产品—为美国创造了13 920 个工作岗位,包括工程师和零售人员在内。而这数字真的非常小。我们的确该为iPod 以如此少的人力创造了如此巨大的价值而鼓掌,但这也再次证明了,我们的许多创新与收入间的联系多么微弱

顺便说一下,值得关注的是,因为听众购买单曲而不是整张专辑(或是通过非法下载的方式获得音乐),数字音乐已经令音乐工业中的很多人失业了。13 920 这个数字,完全没有把这些失业的人数计算在内。可以说,iPod 对于工作岗位的创造,纯粹的积极意义非常小。






当今的科技奇迹在创造新的工作岗位上作为不大。它们虽然带来了巨大的好处,但除IT 专家外,没能让太多人重返职场。



自古以来我们就希望摆脱钱、钱、钱,然后发现一些对我们真正有好处的东西,这些东西不是追求利润的产品。从某种关键点上来说,我们正在远离物质主义。我们可能仍然渴望豪车,但是我看到许多人开始真正关注内在,他们愿意从事较低收入但更为有趣的工作,只因这些工作能提供更多的挑战和驾驭的感觉;我也看到很多有钱人热衷浏览网络,在乎他们的Twitter 记录,而不是购买钻石。


第四章 政府的“低垂的果实”



我们中的许多人对美国政治怀有美好希望,我们希望,有个清醒明智、诚恳可靠的中间派,激励我们扎实稳定地一路向前、坚持到底,我们的实际所得每年都会有增长,大概有2%—3% 的年增长率。这听上去不错,但看了前面几个章节,你该知道我觉得这基本上是不可能实现的。我们没有足够多的唾手可得的资源,以令美梦成真。

一些评论家已经对20 世纪50 年代的经济世界表达了怀旧情绪,就像保罗· 克鲁格曼在他《一个自由主义者的良知》(The Conscience of a Liberal)一书中所暗示的。我能理解这种情感,因为有大量的“低垂的果实”,1950 年之后,我们实现了巨大的增长。不过,克鲁格曼的想法是,我们要去复制那一年代的特征:高额的边际税率、高度组织化的工会,以及相对平等的收入和财富分配。但这些政策,需要在“低垂的果实”存在的时候才能够实现,然而现在妄想通过新的法律、挥舞“政策魔杖”去重现那些年经济快速增长时社会的关键特征,怎么可能?克鲁格曼正在推动的政策需要真实收入的高速增长,然而目前这一增长恰恰相对较低。他对此本末倒置,他所要求的政策,恰恰是给经济在已经难承重负的情况下又添负荷。

在过去的40 年,多数美国人对政府的期待超过了其能力所及,这个错误的根源是,政府为何出现功能匮乏。不单不承认自己的局限,也不努力实现人们的期待,政府反而开始欺骗人们。

这真是太糟糕了。因为, 美国人比欧洲人对政府有更多期待。大西洋两岸对第二次世界大战的体验完全不同: 一边是频繁的轰炸、贫困, 与政治混乱; 另一边则是井然有序的政治, 以及安全的天空。欧洲人对于那些坏日子的记忆仍然强烈, 而美国人则最大限度地被国土、军事力量和两个大洋所保护。在长期历史图景中, 美国凭借广阔而廉价的土地、大量的技术移民, 一直享受着经济增长的“低垂的果实”。这个时期不仅存在了几代,而且存在了数百年。在漫长的时间里,这一期待已植根于我们的历史,造就了我们的民族性格。

如果人们觉得真实收入的年增长率应该是3%,那么增长只有1% 时,人们就会感到沮丧。这个系统哪里出错了?我们的政治家们都在做什么?


沿着这一逻辑,提出减税政策的人必然得发掘出更多减税的好处。当前的要求是,减税将通过产生额外的收入而实现自我支付,大约2010 年时由参议院共和党领袖米奇· 麦康奈尔(Mitch McConnell)所支持。经济迹象显然是相反的,也就是说,更多的减税会降低政府收入,就如布什所做的那样。在我们这个时代,缺乏经济基础的减税能够显著提高真实收入,并且实现自我支付,这只是个假象。

美国的左翼关于收入重新分配的呼声,伴随着大萧条的持续将变得日益响亮。“劫富济贫”是提高穷人和中下阶层收入的一种方法—我得再一次重复:是暂时的。正如缺乏基础的减税政策,这一救济方式不可能永远适用。收入最高的5% 的纳税人已经提供了美国政府43% 的收入,而其中收入最高的1% 提供了27%。某种程度上说,劫富济贫导致利润缩减。奥巴马的许多政策,包括刺激方案和医疗保健方案,重置了高收入阶层与低收入阶层的资源分配。




在经济和收入低增长的环境中,政府扩张方面会发生什么?政府早先的成长精确发生于果实低垂的时代,大体上是1870 年至1970 年。西方社会政府的成长, 从财政收入占GDP 的5% 到占GDP 的40%—50%, 甚至更高, 比如瑞典, 财政收入一度占GDP 约70%。“ 低垂的果实” 支撑了这一膨胀。大量“低垂的果实”的存在,意味着在支付政府扩张的同时,不会让多数人民承受难以忍受的痛苦。部分是因为政府带来了利益,部分是因为真实收入无论如何是在快速增长。所有事物都在变得更为巨大,包括企业、摩天大楼在内,这也让政府的扩张看起来合乎情理。

19 世纪开始,包括政府和企业在内的大型机构,在人类历史上第一次成为可能。大型的机构组织需要传播、组织、协调能力。19 世纪晚期,这些能力才渐有头绪。无论好坏,我们利用这些“低垂的果实”建立了巨大的政府。依托这些新科技而生的大型政府,是决定性的发明之一。

想象一下我们没有汽车、没有飞机、没有电话、没有电视、没有广播也没有铁路网。我们当然都会变得更加贫穷,但政府会是怎样呢?政府可能会呈现出比现在更多的吝啬残暴,我们也不用期待会有现代化的行政管理,在发达国家,这些现代政府控制着GDP 的40%—50%,并且渗透我们每个人的日常生活。


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不过即使没有老爷子,这个圈子已经明星脸扎堆了。小奥尼尔Jared Leto都向36氪分享过他们作为投资人的心得。相比前NBA全明星球员,同时作为演员和摇滚歌手的Jared Leto显然表现更好,Nest和Zenefits两单投资都是神来之笔。


摇滚乐队Lansdowne的主唱Jon Ricci曾经写过一篇文章,《像对待摇滚乐队一样对待你的创业公司》。摇滚和创业之间有着惊人一致的精神联系,那就是反抗现实。Fred Turner在他的《数字乌托邦》中表示,60年代的嬉皮士孕育了两股力量,摇滚和硅谷。

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这两种力量在乔布斯身上得到了印证,他的iPod里面珍藏了鲍勃▪迪伦的每一张专辑。他非常痴迷和摇滚之父的这种精神联系,甚至于一度假装爱上了鲍勃▪迪伦的前女友,同样是摇滚乐手的琼▪贝兹。后者在乔布斯的葬礼上献唱一首《Swing Low, Sweet Chariot》,作为两人友谊的见证。


在二十多年的跨度里,政府和教会用“治安”、“道德”和“意识形态”作为棍棒鞭笞摇滚。而Uber从出生一开始就因为“不安全”、“不合规”在政策上处处碰壁。而且相同的是,Travis Kalanick和Sex Pistols从不会停止战斗。

“我像火药一样,所以有的时候我会被困境和争议包围”,TK对《名利场》这么说。投资人Chris Sacca则说,“Larry Page是个天才,而TK,你永远不要与他为敌”。

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你看上面这张图,同样是竖起中指,唐岩背后是一家30亿美元的创业公司,6000万活跃用户,比Johnny Cash花了50年卖出的唱片总数还多。

所以,“创业就是新摇滚 ”,就像“Science is the new sexy”。

Maker Faire和西南偏南



即使对于普通人来说,参加一场摇滚演唱会再也没有那么酷了,不过SXSW和Maker Faire可不一样。


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硬件创业者扎堆的Maker Faire也一样,已经举办了140场,接近滚石乐队一次全球巡演的场地。参展人次从第一年的2000人增加到2014年的50万人。


中国目前还没有自己的SXSW和Maker Faire,国内的音乐节近些年来退化为“白领野餐、学生春游”,最吸引大家眼球的已经是“摸湿门”了。半年来有不止一位投资人跟我聊过做中国自己的SXSW的想法。大家对活动的质量、主题和规模都有疑虑,但是我觉得至少不用怀疑摇滚对创业者的感召力,即使是在国内。


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发改委:电商平台不得出现虚假促销 | 爱范早读

1. 发改委发布关于《禁止价格欺诈行为的规定》有关条款解释的通知。 该通知界定了三种构成价格欺诈的情形,第三方网络交易平台在网站首页或者其他显著位置标示的某网络商品经营者所销售的商品价格低于该网络商品经营者在商品详情页面标示的价格的;第三方网络交易平台声称网站内所有或者部分商品开展促销活动,但网络商品经营者并未实际开展促销活动的;第三方网络交易平台提供的标价软件或者价格宣传软件等强制要求网络商品经营者进行虚假的或者引人误解的价格标示的,这三种情形应当认定第三方网络交易平台构成价格欺诈行为的主体。

2. 全球平均网速上升至 5Mbps。内容分发网络提供商 Akamai 发布了 2015 年第一季度全球互联网状态报告。其中,韩国以 23.6Mbps 的平均网速排名第一,且有五分之一的城市实现了 25Mbps 的宽带覆盖。香港以 16.7Mbps 的网速排名第三。

3. Facebook 将为南非移动运营商 Cell C 的用户提供免费上网服务。根据服务的内容,Cell C 的用户可以免费浏览 Facebook 以及约 30 家提供医疗和就业信息的网址。这项服务将自 7 月起生效。

4. 印度现首例 iPhone 6 爆炸事件。这名用户上周刚买了这台 iPhone。事发时,他正开着手机免提和朋友聊天。突然他发现 iPhone 6 火花四射并变得很热,于是他赶紧把手机扔出车外,手机一掉在地上就爆炸了。所幸,他本人没有受伤。

5. 爱立信启动裁员计划。爱立信今年 3 月曾宣布,作为 90 亿瑞典克朗(约合 11 亿美元)成本压缩计划的一部分,公司将在瑞典裁员 2200 人,受影响最大的研发人员和供给人员。爱立信近日表示,公司已确定裁员约 2100 人。从本月开始,已经陆续向受影响员工下达了裁员通知书。在这 2100 人中,约 1700 人不会被分配新职位,意味着他们将彻底离开公司。



毕业季2015@普瑞特艺术学院|Bunny & Sussy

又是一年毕业季,今天我们访问到王沁青童鞋和他的Bunny & Sussy,从片子中就看出他对角色动画相当看重,他提到角色动画是最基础也最有技术含量的东西,它能通过动画的手段向观众诠释角色的状态和个性,让我们跟随访谈来详细了解一下…


王沁青:AT!的朋友和所有从事这个行业的前辈同仁后浪以及喜欢动画的米饭班主衣食父母们,大家好,我叫王沁青,同学们都喊我qq,教授都叫我queen queenking queen,很高兴能和大家分享这个短片。我毕业于浙江传媒学院,现在就读于纽约的普瑞特艺术学院,是一名动画研究僧,平时主要的爱好就是电影和电影理论。






王沁青:很多人说我画的像狮子王,我并不否认这种像,但我觉得是一种很通常的卡通技法,仔细对照其实哪儿哪儿都不像吧,我画的丑多了,我画角色的时候并没有找什么参考,都是直接画三个球,然后清稿的时候按照一个通常的角色造型方式来处理。只是我个人确实非常喜欢迪士尼的绘画技法和风格,确实不自觉得暴露出了这种处理方式,一定意义上说是个败笔。我比较喜欢的影片如果要排top1 可能是玩具总动员吧,其他太多了,说不完。






王沁青:我在做故事板的时候,就自己预先贴了音乐,我对音乐的要求很明确,我贴上的音乐已经很符合影片的结构和转折的需求了,但是是我从音乐网站上合法获得各个不同作曲家的创作,缺乏统一性和连贯性。因此我需要一个配乐专门为我创作一条贴片的音乐,通过我以前的同事,也是我的导演@懒惰的付博 的介绍,我认识了袁思翰,我第一次就和他说,我要一个主题曲,所有的气氛部分都由一个主题进行变奏,需要明确的三个段落,一个主题贯穿始末,每个角色都有属于自己的主题音乐,但是是大主题的变奏,加上我贴片音乐的明确性,他很快理解了我的创作需求,他是一个非常专业音乐创作人,具体的创作细节我觉得直接问他会更好微博是 @作曲_袁思翰 我有很多同学都找了国内的一些音乐studio或团队或个人配乐,但很多会因为反复的修改或增加配器而额外收费,袁思翰并没有这些要求,我多次要求修改,甚至有过大幅度的调整,但他一直跟进我的要求,没有收取额外的费用或反过来给我提建议,一定程度上显示出了自己的专业程度和商业信誉,这点你们可以具体和他聊聊。





微博: @谁的头像比我萌